The complex controversy on migratory issues that dominates and divides US society has acquired a new element. This became evident in Florida when the results of the recent presidential elections showed it is not true that the political pressures exerted by the Cuban exiles are responsible for the hostility against Cuba always announced by the candidates in their campaigns and later practiced by US Administrations since 1959.
Why are the rules of the game in US foreign policy for the small neighbor island different than those for the rest of the Third World nations?
Why do Cubans enjoy the unique advantage of being accepted as future US citizens – sometimes as heroes- just by declaring they are against the government of their home country, evading US border control authorities and entering the country without “getting their feet wet”?
This is in shocking contrast with the way Mexicans and other Central American nationals who attempt to cross the borders are hunted down as dangerous criminals, or the way Dominicans or Haitians are captured at sea and returned to their countries without compassion…or publicity.
The Cuban Adjustment Act has been in place in the US since 1966. This is a tool of Washington’s politics that serves a propaganda aim against Cuba and promotes the brain drain of a country harassed by the longest economic and financial blockade in the history of humankind.
This legislation automatically grants Cubans who reach the US territory, legally or illegally, the right to acquire permanent residency a year and a day after their arrival in the country. No other nationals in the planet have such a prerogative.
The Act was designed to stimulate illegal emigration from Cuba despite the fatal consequences that may derive from a sinister bet that sometimes includes a sea voyage in which migrants often lose their lives and those of their children.
Just as the blockade is aimed at causing hunger and desperation among Cubans, the Cuban Adjustment Act invites them to renounce common efforts to change those conditions by offering them the privilege of escaping to an opulent society, forbidden to the citizens of the underdeveloped world, in exchange for a little publicity against Cuba and the risk of their lives. How much blood of Cubans fooled by this Act has been spilled in the Strait of Florida in these last 46 years!
The social and political advances of the Revolution have countered the efforts of the superpower to steal from the Cuban socialist project the patriotic popular support it enjoys; but the more than fifty years of economic war of the US against Cuba have rendered it impossible for Cuban society to escape the migratory syndrome so common in Latin America and the Third World in general.
The Machiavellian idea is that the immigrants convened by means of the Cuban Adjustment Act serve as “evidence of the failure of the communist system in the Island, the ruin of its economy, and the increase of the political repression of the Cuban regime”.
As a rule, these migrants are persons motivated by economic aspirations or with relatives in the US, who for different reasons do not qualify as legal immigrants according to the rules of any of the two countries, or of both; or persons who are not willing to wait for their place in the quotas set in the migratory agreements between Cuba and the US.
Political motivations, if any, are not foremost in the priorities of these migrants. However, the corporate media invariably describe them as political exiles, escapees from communism, dissidents, or freedom fighters for democracy among other intentional epithets.
The overt purpose of the Cuban Adjustment Act, namely to provide shelter to those who ran away from communism, was from the very start a fallacy. But after the introduction of the new legal norms in the Cuban migration policy, this law remains as one of the principal obstacles on the road to an orderly, regular and safe migration.
New excuses are being sought to offer some basis for extending this Act which has given the empire a brain-draining tool. The wisest thing would be for Washington to repeal this law without adding more charges to its long genocidal record against the Third World.
A CubaNews translation. Edited by Walter Lippmann http://www.walterlippmann.com/docs3656.html